How to use the Linux terminal?

How to use the Linux terminal?

To open a terminal quickly from the GUI, the shortcut Ctrl+Alt+T will work on most distros and desktop environments.

Using sudo will run any command with administrative rights.

Most Linux commands that need to deal with system files and installing/uninstalling programs require sudo.

How to open Terminal in Linux?


  • Hurry. Ctrl+Alt+T. This will launch the terminal.
  • Hurry. Alt + F2 and type gnome-terminal . This will also launch the terminal.
  • Hurry. Win + T (Xubuntu only). This Xubuntu-specific shortcut will also launch Terminal.
  • Define a custom shortcut. You can change the shortcut from Ctrl + Alt + T to something else:

How to run a command in Linux?

To run the .sh file (on Linux and iOS) from the command line, just follow these two steps:

  • open a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T), then go to the unzipped folder (using the command cd /your_url)
  • run the file with the following command.
  • How do I access a file in Terminal?

    Press Ctrl + Alt + T. This will open the terminal. Go to: means you need to navigate to the folder where the extracted file is located, via Terminal.

    Another simple method you can do is:

    • In Terminal, type cd and make an infrot space.
    • Then drag and drop the folder from the file browser to the terminal.
    • Then press Enter.

    How to execute a file in Linux?

    Terminal. First, open the terminal, then mark the file as executable with the chmod command. You can now run the file in the terminal. If an error message including a problem such as “permission denied” appears, use sudo to run it as root (admin).

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    How to execute a file in a Linux terminal?

    The way the professionals do it

  • Open Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal.
  • Find where the .sh file is located. Use the ls and cd commands. ls will list the files and folders in the current folder. Try it: type “ls” and press Enter.
  • Run the .sh file. Once you can see for example with ls, run this: ./
  • How to open two terminals in Linux?

    8 answers. CTRL + Shift + N will open a new terminal window if you are already working in the terminal, you can also just select “Open Terminal” from the File menu. And as @Alex said, you can open a new tab by pressing CTRL + Shift + T . right-click the mouse and select the open tab.

    How to run a command in Terminal?


    • Press “Enter” on the keyboard after each command you enter in the terminal.
    • You can also run a file without changing directory by specifying the full path. Type “/path/to/NameOfFile” without quotes at the command prompt. Remember to set the executable bit first using the chmod command.

    How to run a .sh file in Terminal?

    Steps to write and run a script

  • Open the terminal. Go to the directory where you want to create your script.
  • Create a file with the .sh extension.
  • Write the script to the file using an editor.
  • Make the script executable with the chmod +x command.
  • Run the script using ./.
  • How to run a file in Ubuntu terminal?

    Executable files

    • Open a terminal.
    • Navigate to the folder where the executable file is stored.
    • Type the following command: for all . bin: sudo chmod +x filename.bin. for any .run file: sudo chmod +x
    • When prompted, type the required password and press Enter.

    How to run sublime from terminal?

    Assuming you have Sublime installed in the Applications folder, the following command should open the editor when you type it in the terminal:

  • For Sublime Text 2: open /Applications/Sublime Text
  • For sublime text 3:
  • For sublime text 2:
  • For sublime text 3:
  • How to move a file in a Linux terminal?

    Simply access the GUI you use for your Linux system. Then you can quickly and easily move the file of your choice from one place to another, copy it or zap it into nothingness.

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    3 commands to use in the Linux command line:

    • mv: move (and rename) files.
    • cp: Copying files.
    • rm: delete files.

    How to open ac file in Terminal?

    Run a C/C++ program on a terminal using the gcc compiler

  • Terminal open.
  • Type the command to install the gcc or g++ compiler:
  • Now go to this folder where you will create C/C++ programs.
  • Open a file using any editor.
  • Add this code to the file:
  • Save the file and exit.
  • Compile the program using one of the following commands:
  • To run this program, type this command:
  • How to run an EXE file in Ubuntu?

    How to Run EXE Files on Ubuntu

    • Visit the official WineHQ website and go to the downloads section.
    • Click on the “System” option in Ubuntu; then go to “Administration”, followed by the choice “Software sources”.
    • In the resources section below, you will find the link you need to enter in the Apt Line: field.

    How to run a bash file?

    To create a bash script, you place #!/bin/bash at the top of the file. To run the script from the current directory, you can run ./scriptname and pass whatever parameters you want. When the shell executes a script, it finds the #!/path/to/interpreter .

    What is the exec command in Linux?

    1. When referring to a command line such as Linux or Unix, exec is a BOURNE and POSIX shell command that replaces the current shell process with the command specified after exec.

    How to run a PHP file on Linux?

    Open a terminal and type this command: ‘gksudo gedit /var/www/testing.php’ (gedit being the default text editor, others should also work) Enter this text into the file and save it: Restart the php server using this command: ‘ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart ‘

    Can we install the EXE file in Ubuntu?

    Ubuntu is Linux and Linux is not Windows. and will not run .exe files natively. You will need to use a program called Wine. or Playon Linux to run your poker game. You can install both from the software center.

    What is Gnome Terminal in Linux?

    GNOME Terminal. GNOME Terminal is a terminal emulator for the GNOME desktop environment written by Havoc Pennington and others. Terminal emulators allow users to access a UNIX shell while remaining on their graphical desktop.

    How do I close a Linux terminal?

    To close a terminal window, you can use the exit command. You can also use the shortcut ctrl+shift+w to close a terminal tab and ctrl+shift+q to close the entire terminal, including all tabs. You can use the ^D shortcut, i.e. press Control and d.

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    What is a Linux terminal?

    A terminal emulator is a program that allows the use of the terminal in a graphical environment. Since most people use an operating system with a graphical user interface (GUI) for their day-to-day computing needs, using a terminal emulator is a necessity for most Linux server users.

    How to make a script executable on Linux?

    Here are some of the prerequisites for using the script name directly:

  • Add the line she-bang {#!/bin/bash) at the very top.
  • Using chmod u+x scriptname makes the script executable. (where scriptname is the name of your script)
  • Place the script in the /usr/local/bin folder.
  • Run the script using only the script name.
  • How to change permissions in Ubuntu?

    Type “sudo chmod a+rwx /path/to/file” in the terminal, replacing “/path/to/file” with the file you want to give everyone permissions for and press “Enter”. You can also use the command “sudo chmod -R a+rwx /path/to/folder” to give permissions to a folder and every file and folder it contains.

    How to run a Python script in Ubuntu?

    Make a Python script executable and runnable from anywhere

    • Add this line as the first line of the script: #!/usr/bin/env python3.
    • At the unix command prompt, type the following to make executable: $ chmod +x
    • Move to your bin directory, and it will be executable from anywhere.

    How to run a Java file in Terminal?

    Just follow these simple steps:

  • À partir de Terminal install open jdk sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk.
  • Write a Java program and save the file as
  • Now to compile use this command from terminal javac filename. Java.
  • To run your program that you have just compiled, type the command below in the terminal: java filename.
  • How to download gcc?

    The steps are:

    • Install Cygwin, which gives us a Unix-like environment running on Windows.
    • Install a set of Cygwin packages required for building GCC.
    • From Cygwin, download the GCC source code, build and install it.
    • Test the new GCC compiler in C++14 mode using the -std=c++14 option.

    How to launch a program from a terminal?

    Run an app in Terminal.

  • Locate the app in Finder.
  • Right-click on the application and select “Show Package Contents”.
  • Locate the executable file.
  • Drag this file onto your blank Terminal command line.
  • Leave your Terminal window open while using the application.
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